Eduzone: International Peer Reviewed/Refereed Multidisciplinary Journal <ul> <li><strong>Submit Your Paper Directly at Email: </strong></li> </ul> <p>Eduzone is an international peer reviewed/refereed academic multidisciplinary journal having Impact Factor: 7.687 and ugc approved Journal No. 47457 which invites unpublished original and high quality research work pertaining to latest research papers publication &amp; practices in the areas of Computer Science Journals, Engineering Journals, Information Technology Journals, Electronics &amp; Communication Journals, Electrical &amp; Electronics Journals, Electronics and Telecommunication Journals, Textile Engineering Journals, Chemical Engineering Journals, Biotechnology Journals, Instrumentation Journals, Automation Journals, Control System Journals, Robotics Journals, Artificial Intelligence Journals, Civil Engineering Journals, Modeling and Simulation Journals, VLSI, DSP, Image processing, Neural Network and Fuzzy Logic Journals, Biology Journals, Physics Journals, Chemistry Journals, Mathematics Journals, Biochemistry Journals, Food Technology Journals, Algorithms, and emerging paradigms in allied subjects. The above mentioned tracks are only indicative and not exhaustive. Eduzone journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Researcherid, Directory of Science, Endnotes, Google Scholar listed Journal, Europeana Libraries and many more national &amp; International libraries. Eduzone one of the UGC Approved Journal in India and also UGC Listed journal in India.</p> <p>Many conventional journals publish papers from limited subject areas, making it more difficult for readers from other disciplines to read them. EIPRMJ has no such barriers and publishes articles from multidisciplinary fields, which helps your research to reach the entire scientific community.</p> <ul> <li><strong>Eduzone : international peer reviewed/refereed academic multidisciplinary journal</strong></li> <li>ISSN: <strong>2319-5045 </strong></li> <li><strong>Impact Factor : 7.687</strong></li> <li>Crossref DOI:</li> <li>Frequency of Publication: <strong>Semi-Annually</strong> [2 issues per year]</li> <li>Languages: Multiple Languages</li> <li>Accessibility: <strong>Open Access</strong></li> <li><strong>Peer Review Process: </strong>Double Blind Peer Review Process</li> <li><strong>Subject: </strong>Multidisciplinary</li> <li><strong>Plagiarism Checker: </strong>Turnitin </li> <li><strong>Publication Format: </strong>Online and Print</li> <li><strong>Contact No.: </strong>+91- 9996460581</li> <li><strong>Email: </strong></li> <li><strong>Website: <a href=""></a></strong></li> <li><strong>Address: </strong>Mukherjee Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110009, India</li> </ul> <p><strong>Key Features of EIPRMJ</strong></p> <ul> <li>Journal listed in <strong>UGC</strong> with <strong>Journal No. 47457</strong></li> <li>Journal Publishes online on continuous basis</li> <li>Online article submission</li> <li>Standard peer review process</li> </ul> Edu Publications en-US Eduzone: International Peer Reviewed/Refereed Multidisciplinary Journal 2319-5045 To identify measures that can be adopted to curb the menace of malpractices in examinations as perceived by (i) senior secondary school students; (ii) senior secondary school teachers; and (iii) community members <p>It may be said that adequate procedure is adopted by Board of School Education, Himachal Pradesh to curb malpractices in examinations by high and senior secondary school students at school and board examinations stage. Further, the given procedure is quite descriptive and provides clear guidelines with respect to curbing the malpractices in examinations to all the stakeholders. Thus the assumption that “The Board of School Education, Himachal Pradesh takes adequate steps to curb malpractices in examinations by high and senior secondary school students at school and board examinations stage” holds true.</p> Dr. Surender Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-07 2022-07-07 11 2 1 14 Recent advances in Ultrasonic Welding of dissimilar materials: A Review <p>One form of fusion welding process is ultrasonic welding, where similar and dissimilar materials can be joint effectively. All industrial applications, including those in the aerospace, automotive, medical, electrical, packaging, and textile industries, rely heavily on USW. Here we can easily join thin wire, foils and sheets with high quality welded joint without using any filler material, preparation of the surface and a shielding gas. The strength and quality of the joints were assessed using a variety of process variables, including vibration amplitude, weld pressure, and weld duration. With certain traits, different joint designs were feasible. For metal to metal weld plastic deformation occur and for plastic to plastic weld diffusion occur between the work piece's interface due application of vibration energy. The welding method is excellent for both hard and soft materials since it moves quickly and takes little time to dry. Ultrasonic vibrations have an impact on the joint's quality. The workpieces that were to be connected were pressed together and subjected to ultrasonic vibrations (range between 20 and 40 kHz). This essay tries to provide a survey of the literature on ultrasonic welding.</p> Ganesh R. Chavhan, Ankit S. Raipure Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-13 2022-07-13 11 2 15 23 Impact of organizational commitment on organizational citizenship behavior <p>Organization behavior is the study of human behavior within organization. It examines the application of perception, attitude, beliefs, values and expectations and its impact on job performance motivation and work efficiency. This study attempts to identify the impact of organizational commitment on organizational citizenship behavior. The sample size of 195 respondents of Hindustan Mittal Energy limited, Bhatinda. Data is collected through primary and secondary source.. Primary data collected through quantitative as well as qualitative procedure. The findings reveal that there is a positive impact of organizational commitment on organizational citizenship behavior in the employees of Hindustan Mittal Energy limited, Bhatinda.</p> Dr. Tripti Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-18 2022-07-18 11 2 24 28 Theoretical Study on Film Cooling Process for Rocket Combustor <p>The definition of film cooling is combined with regenerative cooling which is an efficient way to ensure the long term, safe and secure functioning of liquid rocket engines with higher heat flux densities. The liquid rocket engines need an effective wall cooling systems to reduce high heat fluxes from the hot combustion gases to the engine wall in the thrust chamber. Using liquid fuel propellant to sheet cool the interior chamber liners is one method of achieving this goal. For use in a combined convective and film-cooled combustion chamber with an accelerated hot gas, an existing film cooling model has been adapted.</p> Shreya Mane Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-20 2022-07-20 11 2 29 33 Development of nanoemulsion based gel for the treatment of balanitis infection <p>One of the most recent innovations in the Novel Drug Delivery System (NDDS) is nanoemulsion gel, which allows for the dual controlled release of an emulsion and a gel for topical application. When an emulsion is integrated into a gel, its stability is strengthened. It is challenging to conceptualize as a topical delivery. The goal of the current study was to create and improve the Clotrimazole nanoemulsion gel using different quantities of polymers such as Carbopol 934 and HPMC. The generated nanoemulsion gels were assessed for physical appearance, measurement of pH, viscosity, spreadability, drug content, and in vitro diffusion investigations as part of the Preformulation studies utilizing Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) research.Studies on the release of drugs in vitro were done for up to 8 hours. F6 exhibits better releasing property than any other formulations. F6was therefore shown to be the best formulation overall. When compared to formulations including Carbopol 934, F6 with low concentrations of HPMC polymer had greater releasing properties. Therefore, it was proposed that the Clotrimazole nanoemulsion gel might be superior to alternative topical drug delivery systems for integrating hydrophobic medicines and possessing improved activity and stability.</p> Dr. Abhishek Soni, Jatin Sharma, Nishant Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-22 2022-07-22 11 2 34 40 Dormitory World <p>A Dorm World is developed to deliver a stress-free, dependable, and efficient automated approach. This dormitory world can be used by both students and employees in charge of the registration and Dorm administration procedures. The back-end would be Firebase, which would handle data storage and authentication, and the front-end would be HTML, providing the user with a graphical user interface. The standard forms and methods used for university student registration and housing in dorms were assessed for effectiveness, economy, and time management. The current method was created to be manually executed.This is connected to shortcomings because it frequently necessitates additional personnel and takes a long time. The number of educational institutions developed worldwide has skyrocketed in recent decades, especially in the last four decades. This advancement has brought education to the people's doorstep. The created system addresses the shortcomings of traditional dormitory administration systems by being more user-friendly, graphical-user-interface oriented, reliable, efficient, and secure with access control mechanisms.</p> Parvathi Adiga K, Sahana S, Sai Chandana L, Tejaswini S, Dr. Vrinda Shetty Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-22 2022-07-22 11 2 41 45 Qualitative Screening, Quantitative Analysis of Primary and Secondary Metabolites of Some Indogenous Herbs: Aegle Marmelos, Annona Squamosa <p>The study includes phytochemical screening and quantification of primary and secondary constituents like carbohydrates, protein, lipids, phenol, tannin and flavonoids from Aegle marmelos and Annona squamosa. For these purpose ethanolic extract of bark was prepared by “Soxhlet extraction method”. The result of these study suggests that the Aegle marmelos and Annona squamosa in which presence of primary and secondary metabolites and showed pharmacological activity like anti-microbial and anti-bacterial activity.</p> Madhuri A. Theng, Dr. M. A. Channawar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 11 2 46 49 Psychological Biases which influence Investment Decisions of Investors: A Comparative Study of Rohtak and Ambala City <p>Decision-making can be defined as the process of choosing a particular alternative from many available alternatives. Investment Decision is usually based on different factors such as demographic and psychological factors. In this particular paper is based on psychological biases which influence investors. The study of Behavior or psychology of investors while making investment decision is known as Behavior finance. This study aims to investigate the impact of cognitive and emotional bias on the investor‟s financial decision. Investors are always assumed to be rational thinkers as per the traditional economic theories but the volatile market behavior has challenged the efficient market hypothesis. Behavioral finance is a newly developed approach in response to the difficulties faced by the traditional investors. Investment markets are becoming increasingly risky making the investors behave differently upon different market dynamic forces. Recent researches on individual investor‟s behavior have shown that people do not act rationally while making decisions, rather several factors influence their decisions. The present study is based on the psychological biases which influence individual investor‟s preferences of Rohtak and Ambala city. Data of 100 respondents have been collected through structured questionnaire from both cities. Chi-Square analysis tool have been employed by researcher with the help of SPSS software. The present study revealed that there is significant association between investors of Rohtak and Ambala on gender bases with respect to psychological biases.</p> Dr. Ankurita Bansal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 11 2 50 59 A Study of the Consumption Expenditure Behaviour of the Members Who Participate in the Microfinance Programme: A Special Reference to Satna District in Madhya Pradesh <p>Women endure prejudice and exclusion in every aspect of their lives due to a variety of socioeconomic and<br>cultural limitations. Women have less authority and less control over resources than males in practically every society.<br>A nation's economic and social advancement depends on women's emancipation since they make up 50% of the<br>population and one-third of its human resources; they may be a more powerful force in the development of human<br>resources than males.<br>There are several ways in which women's empowerment may be achieved via the use of microfinance services. A total<br>of 79 million women in the world's poorest areas were served by microfinance services by the end of 2006. Thus,<br>microfinance may have a substantial impact on gender equality and the promotion of sustainable livelihoods and<br>improved working conditions for women.<br>In the present paper a study have been made for analysing the rise in expenditure of the women and on which activities<br>did the money was spent. A sample of 100 respondents was asked questions and results were analysed using statistical<br>methods like Correlation, t test etc.</p> Dr. Vinod Kumar Pandey Bharat Kumar Soni Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-26 2022-07-26 11 2 60 67 Design, Development and Evaluation of Polyherbal Formulation for Anti-Allergic Activity Containing Some Indigenous Herbs: Acacia Arabica, Butea Monosperma <p>Objective: The present study describes the anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial activity of Acacia arabica and Butea monosperma bark extract.<br>Methods: For this purpose aqueous extract of bark were prepared by “Soxhlet extraction method”. The experimentally induced burn wound model in rats by “Excision method”.<br>Results: As a result of this study it was found that the extract of bark generally revealed antimicrobial and wound healing activity.<br>Conclusion: The result of the study suggest that the Acacia arabica and Butea monosperma bark of polyherbal gel effective in accelerating Anti-allergic activity.</p> Madhuri A. Theng Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 11 2 68 71 Analytical Study of Contemporary Technique of Teaching <p>छात्रों के संदर्भ में गागर में सागर भरने की जो युक्ति है वह शिक्षण की तकनीक है एक सफल शिक्षक अपने शिक्षण तकनीक का उपयोग करके कठिन से कठिन विषयो को भी सारगर्भित बना देता है शिक्षण की समकालीन तकनीक छात्रों को बहुत अच्छी तरह से शिक्षित करती है और उन्हें किसी विषय को स्पष्ट रूप से समझाने में सहायता पहुँचाती है। वर्तमान युग में शैक्षिक उद्देश्यों की पूर्ती के लिए दिनोदिन इंटरनेट और गूगल का उपयोग बढ़ता ही जा रहा है इसका आशय यह है कि बदलते हुए परिवेश में और बदलते हुए समय के अनुसार शिक्षकों के साथ साथ छात्रों को भी शिक्षा प्रणाली की आधुनिक तकनीक का उपयोग करना प्रारम्भ कर देना चाहिए। आधुनिक शिक्षण तकनीक शिक्षण प्रणाली के विकास में एवं सीखने के क्षेत्र में अहम् भूमिका निभाती है। विभिन्न आधुनिक शिक्षण तकनीकों के उपयोग करने के लिए शिक्षकों के साथ साथ छात्रों में भी कुछ विशिष्ट कौशल एवं क्षमताओ का होना भी आवश्यक होता है अतः हमे शिक्षकों को और छात्रों को दोनों को ही इस आधुनिक शिक्षण तकनीक के युग में रह कर विकास करने के लिए सजग रहना आवश्यक होगा</p> Dr. Aslam Sayeed Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-30 2022-07-30 11 2 72 78 Influence of Self Compacting Concrete Reinforced with Chopped Steel Fiber – A Research Analysis <p>Influence of Self Compacting Concrete Reinforced with Chopped Steel Fiber – A Research Analysis</p> Shubham Malik, Abhishek Arya Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-30 2022-07-30 11 2 79 83 "Application of Cloud using Network-As-A-Service in Business” <p>Cloud Computing is defined as the approach of computing where extremely scalable IT-related capabilities are delivered “as a service” using Internet technologies to many customers. There are many definitions of cloud computing few of which are quoted in this study but the basic concept remains the same. There are service models of Cloud Computing which are mentioned in brief in this study. The Network-As-A-Service (NaaS) service model of Cloud Computing is explained in detail along with all the aspects associated with it. Then it discusses its service models, Need of NaaS, features, benefits and components. The research paper gives an idea to the readers/audience about basics of NaaS, its application in business and future of Cloud Computing using NaaS in business and other areas. Further the advantages and Challenges of cloud computing using NaaS have been brought forward. The paper is theoretical and based on collected data from secondary sources of information. The nature of this study is qualitative and the author recommends there are many possible directions of research in cloud computing using Network-As-A-Service which can be helpful for the growth of the business organizations around the world.</p> Dr. Sameer Narang, Dr. Satinder Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 11 2 84 89 திருமுருக கிருபானந்தவாரியாரின் ஆன்மீக பணிகள் (உலக நாடுகள்) <p>வாரியார் அவர்கள் இந்த சமுதாயம் தழைத்தோங்க, பல்வகையான பணிகளை மேற்கொண்டார்.அப்பணிகளில் அவர் சிறந்ததாகக் கருதியது ஆன்மீகப்பணியே ஆகும். அவர் எழுதியுள்ள ஆன்மீகக் கட்டுரைகளும், அவர் ஆற்றிய சமயச் சொற்பொழிவுகளும், அவர் செய்த திருக்கோயில் திருப்பணிகளுமே அவருடைய ஆன்மீகப் பணியைப் பறைசாற்றுகின்றன. சமயத்திற்கு அவர் ஆற்றிய ஆன்மீகப் பணிகளைப் பற்றி ஆராய்வதே இவ்வாய்வுக்கட்டுரையின் நோக்கமாகும்.</p> போ. சித்ராதேவி Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 11 2 90 94 "Neural Network: Basics and Application” <p>Artificial Intelligence deals with various methods of developing systems which display different aspects of intelligent behaviour. These systems are designed and developed to imitate the human capabilities of sensing and thinking. Among the truly successful types of AI are Neural Networks. A neural network is a sequence of set of rules that endeavours to identify underlying associations in a set of data through a procedure that mimics the manner the human brain operates. In this sense, neural networks mention to systems of neurons; either organic or non-natural in nature.There are types of Neural Networks which are mentioned in brief in this study. The research paper contributes a notion to the readers/audience about basics of Neural Network, its use in healthcare &amp; future of Neural Network in commerce &amp; other zones. Further the advantages &amp; disadvantages of Neural Network have been brought forward.The paper is theoretical and based on collected data from secondary sources of information.The nature of this study is qualitative &amp; the novelist endorses there are numerous conceivable ways of research in Neural Network which can be supportive for the progress of the business organizations around the world.</p> Dr. Sameer Narang, Dr. Satinder Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-02 2022-08-02 11 2 95 99 Right to Education: A myth or a Reality <p>There was a hope for a revolutionary change in the arena of universalisation of elementary education when the government of India decided to usher in the 86th constitutional amendment in 2002 by which the right to education for all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years was to be made a fundamental right through incorporation of article 21 A as part of the fundamental rights chapter in the Indian Constitution of India. After the passage of so many years, we prompted to ask this question, is the right to education- a myth or a reality? This question really calls for an in-depth study of developments during the post 86th constitution amendment act, 2002.</p> G Shankar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 2 100 105 “Application of Virtualization in Cloud Computing” <p>Cloud Computing is demarcated as the tactic of calculating where exceedingly climbable IT-associated capabilities are provided “as a service” utilizing Internet technologies to numerous customers. There are numerous descriptions of cloud computing rare of which are cited in this study but the fundamental notion remains the same. There are indispensable features of Cloud Computing which are said in this study. Cloud Computing is grounded on technologies &amp; there are four deployment models in it &amp; architectural layers which are also known as service models. The research paper gives an impression to the readers/audience about fundamentals of Virtualization in Cloud Computing, kinds of virtualization in Cloud Computing &amp; prospect of Application of Virtualization in Cloud Computing in corporate &amp; other regions. Further the advantages &amp; disadvantages of virtualization in cloud computing have been conveyed forward. In my viewpoint I would like to state that it rest on on the business/individual how well it makes utilization of virtualization in cloud computing so that he/she/organization can take full value from its advantages while concurrently dexterously handling the jeopardies involved.The nature of this study is qualitative &amp; the author recommends there are numerous probable ways of research in virtualization in cloud computing which can be ready to lend a hand for the development of society &amp; the world.</p> Dr. Sameer Narang, Dr. Satinder Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 2 106 111 Drinking Water Characteristics of Ujjain, India @2022 <p>Clean drinking water availability and clean sanitation in a small city like Ujjain is one of the biggest challenges of the century. As we know that the average rainfall in Ujjain 943mm (1) and this year it rained about 14.2 inches in monsoon season till now. This led us to search out alternate drinking water sources. Ujjain is rich water city as it has Sapt sagars, River Shipra and Gambhir Dam for drinking water source (2). This year due to lack rain all of them are not filled fully so we analyze ground water in all 54 wards of the city these are all in public places as roads, parks etc. and can be used easily by local people. This report leads us to find the various problems possessed by ground water of Ujjain city.</p> Dr. Parag Dalal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 11 2 112 117 "Information Systems in PSPCL: A Case Study” <p>PSPCL was incorporated as enterprise on 16th April 2010 &amp; was specified the accountability of functioning &amp; upkeep of State's own breeding projects &amp; distribution organisation. The business of generation of power of earlier PSEB was transported to PSPCL. We are existing in a digital sphere &amp; maximum of the day-to-day work life is reliant on on information organization usefulness such as Internet/Intranet, Information Technology tools &amp; services. However, Information Systems (IS) have transfigured the way, in which we animate &amp; work. It has reformed all facets of our lifetime style. This study plays a major role in depicting all the business processes in the PSPCL, bringing forward the pitfalls in them, recommendations to remove these ineffciences using Information Systems and the information obtained from the business processes which can be analysed for better decision-making. The innumerable facets how Information Systems can progress the power as a usefulness being delivered to the populace of Punjab is cited. The research paper is theoretical &amp; is founded on qualitative research &amp; composed data from secondary sources of information. With the assistance of Information Systems eminence &amp; 24*7 power as usefulness can be delivered to the complete state &amp; the same model can be replicated in all the states of INDIA to achieve the target of powered Nation.</p> Dr. Sameer Narang, Dr. Satinder Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 11 2 118 126 An Analysis on the role of Accounting in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Disclosure <p>In recent years, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities, which are firms actions that go beyond and above the interest of the company to further the social issues and social good, have become common practice. CSR may be said the synonym of Social Responsibility of the Business. The companies Act 2013 is provided certain guidelines on reporting of Companies Act 2013 is provided certain guidelines on reporting of CSR initiatives but it is necessary to have the standard which is acceptable at the global level for accounting and reporting the same to give the required information to the stakeholders. Section 135 of the Companies Act 2013 provide rules of the qualified or eligible companies, mandatorily rules for expense on the activities prescribed in Schedule 7 of the Act. The main objective of this paper is to analyse the role of accounting and reporting in the Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives of Indian companies and also to analyse the perception of accounting reporting of Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives from various stakeholders.</p> Prof. Vinod Kumar Pandey, Preeti Shukla Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-10 2022-08-10 11 2 127 130 Afflictive, Dissident and Assertive Voices in Indian Dalit Autobiographies: A Study from Socio-economic Perspectives <p>In the twenty-first century, an unprecedented bulge can be seen in the number of dalit autobiographies, dalit personal narratives and memoirs. Due to revolution in education system and the equal opportunities to all the people belonging to every community, dalit writers have written their personal narratives and shared their personal and private realms of agonies, pain, and oppression with other people after getting influenced by the European models. The spurt in dalit autobiographical narratives in different forms reveals how they were relegated from the core and vital issues of national importance. The trials and tribulations of dalit women, their exploitation, torture and triple marginalization remains the core theme of dalit women‟s autobiographies. Dalit men‟s autobiographies are the saga of sufferings, tortures, caste discrimination, hunger, deprivation and ostracization. The present research paper is an attempt to explore the afflictions and age-old sufferings of those people who live at the fringe in the mainstream society. Only selected Dalit men‟s autobiographies have been taken for analysis in the present research paper.</p> Bhup Singh Gaur, Dr. Sudha Khotake Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-10 2022-08-10 11 2 131 134 The effect of consumer oriented services on Consumer Satisfaction and Consumer Loyalty <p>ABSTRACT<br>In this article we will be addressing the effect of consumer-oriented services on the satisfaction of customers and their loyalty to the product or service. In this we used many methods such as email online platform and mail and shopping malls to collect the data in Pakistan city Lahore. We derived 3 hypothesis and used the method of regression analysis for the outcome. Furthermore, we will be discussing the cause and reason that outcome in consumer loyalty toward you.</p> Murtaza Mughal, Malik Tanzeel, Sir Shabir Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-14 2022-08-14 11 2 135 141 Financial Literacy Initiatives entails Behavioral Insight Approach: Ideas <p>Behavioral researches evident that retail investors possess irrational decisions behavior and suffering from psychological, cognitive and social biases that influence decision. Individual tends to employ heuristics and practice personal biases to simplify decision situation instead of accessing to comprehensive information.Though various financial literacy programmes has been initiated in different countries, yet the studies evident failure to assure desired outcomes of such initiatives in consumers. The consistent financial interventions are need of an hour to achieve desired results. Regulatory bodies are facing challenge of developing simple and cost effective financial educational programme in the light of Behavioral Insights(BI). The present study aims at suggesting usage of behavioral insights in financial literacy initiatives for efficacy in consumer behavior based on literature review and OECD recommendations.</p> Dr. Rajni Rajan Chauhan Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-16 2022-08-16 11 2 142 147 The Portrayal of the Role of Women in the Republican Political Propaganda during the Spanish Civil War <p>The liberation of women is a popular topic among many leftist and liberal groups, advocating for a variety of<br>feminist idealism ranging from suffrage to participation in workforce. During the civil war, the political<br>propaganda of the Republican side used the image of women, showing their participation in the war efforts<br>many times. This paper analyzes the posters aimed at women or using women's images and the publicity of antifascist women's associations during the Spanish Civil War. When demonstrating female’s participation in<br>militia or work in factories or rural areas, people use a masculine image; the portrayal of women became soft<br>and aligned with traditional gender roles when it came to nursing and logistics. Although the war advanced<br>gender equality, women were still considered as playing a secondary and subservient role in traditional family<br>and social structure.</p> Haolin Guo Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-16 2022-08-16 11 2 148 158 The Sociology of Mental Health: An Analysis of the Impact of Socio-Cultural Factors on Mental Health <p>Existing research literature shows that the socio-cultural environment in which people live significantly impacts mental health and many prevalent mental diseases. Socio-cultural inequalities in society are linked to an increased risk of a variety of mental illnesses. There is a large body of evidence to support the idea that human beings who live in socially unstable social structures, will become vulnerable to various psychological issues. There is widespread scientific agreement among social psychologists and sociologists that providing a stable socio-political environment would result in the greatest community mental health advantages. There is a need to have crucial strategies for reducing the risk of mental diseases throughout one's life, as well as at the community and national levels. In this way, there is a need to improve the responsiveness of social work practice to the mental health needs of the community by reviewing sociocultural factors that may lead to poor mental health care utilization across individual, family, and cultural domains. In this background, the paper appraises and examines the research literature on the links between social determinants of health and mental health. The study also evaluates the importance of social and cultural structures in developing viable, culturally appropriate prevention and intervention techniques to enhance a positive community eco-system ultimately reducing mental health disparities.</p> Lt. Dr. Biva Sammadar, Bhup Singh Gaur Srishti Singh Gaur Copyright (c) 2022 Eduzone: International Peer Reviewed/Refereed Multidisciplinary Journal 2022-08-18 2022-08-18 11 2 159 163 Employability Skills and Career Adequacy <p>Teachers are considered as the most responsible and important members of society, who can change the fate of<br>the earth through their teaching. Joyce Meyer says" teachers can change lives with a just-right mix of chalk and<br>challenges". Teachers are nation builders. The strength of every profession depends on the knowledge, skills,<br>and expertise of the teachers. They can mold the behaviour and minds of the pupils. Teaching is the most<br>difficult yet rewarding job. Indeed teachers are the most influential persons in this world.</p> Dr. Akthar Parveen Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-18 2022-08-18 11 2 164 166 Attitudes of Upper Primary School Students towards English Subject <p>In this study, the investigator has decided to study the attitudes of upper primary school students towards English subject and for that he has chosen the objectives like: 1. To know the attitudes of upper primary school students towards English subject and determine its level. 2. To examine the attitudes of the rural and urban area students of upper primary schools towards English subject. 3. To examine the attitudes of the boys of upper primary schools of rural and urban area towards English subject. 4. To examine the attitudes of the girls of upper primary schools of rural and urban area towards English subject. A survey method was used to find out the attitudes of upper primary school students towards English subject. Total 4 schools of Modasa taluka belonging to 2 from rural area and 2 from urban area were selected by random sampling method and 104 students were selected by using random sampling method. Major findings of the study were:</p> <p>1. No significant difference is seen between mean scores of boys and girls of upper primary schools on the attitudes towards English subject.</p> <p>2. Significant difference is seen between mean scores of rural and urban area students of upper primary schools on the attitudes towards English subject. Here the attitudes of urban students towards English subject are more positive as compared to the students in rural area.</p> <p>3. Significant difference is seen between mean scores of the attitudes towards the English subject of rural and urban boys of upper primary schools. Here the attitudes of urban boys towards English subject are more positive as compared to the boys in rural area. 4. Significant difference is seen between mean scores of the attitudes towards the English subject of rural and urban girls of upper primary schools. Here the attitudes of urban girls towards English subject are more positive as compared to the girls in rural area.</p> Dr. Chandreshkumar H. Rathod Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 11 2 167 170 A Gender Based Comparison of Teaching Faculties of Colleges in Kolkata across Their Attachment and Job Involvement Levels <p>This study attempts to draw a comparison between two groups (n= 50) of college teaching staff in Kolkata in their Attachment style and Job Involvement. Attachment style is the profound and enduring emotional bond that joins one individual to another across time and area which children form with primary caregivers. This is relevant in emotional and social development of children that leave a powerful impact in adult relationships. Job involvement is the state of psychological identification with work—or the extent to which a job is principal to a person’s recognition and satisfaction in organizational behavioral context. It has been regarded from an organizational perspective as an indispensable factor in personnel stimulation and enhanced performance. 25 female and 25 male participants were selected using Purposive sampling method and Hazan and Shaver's Adult Attachment Scale and Kanungo’s Job Involvement Questionnaire were administered for data collection. Measures of Descriptive statistics (Mean and SD) and Inferential statistics (Man Whitney U test) were undertaken to analyze the data and compare the means for significance in difference . The results revealed a significant difference between male and female group for secure attachment style.</p> Debanjana Basu Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-24 2022-08-24 11 2 171 179 Kavitha Sathya Paper <p>Paper 1</p> S. Kavitha Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 11 2 180 185 A Case Study of Fatehgarh Sahib for E-Healthcare System <p>The objective of E-governance is to offer resident-centric facilities concentrating on the resident &amp; guaranteeing increased answerability &amp; transparency in service dealings with the government establishments and deptts.Governments at world-wide level are concentrating on lessening of manual manner of communications so as to deliver dependability, service efficacy and drop in processing period of workflow situation. We are living in a digital world and most of the daily work life is dependent on information system utility such as Internet/Intranet, IT tools and services.However,Information System(IS) have revolutionised the way,in which we live and work.It has changed all aspects of our life style.The digital revolution has given mankind the ability, to transmit it with high accuracy,to manipulate it, to treat the information with mathematical precision followed by valid arguments. The study plays a major role in addressing the gap and pitfalls in the current scenario in delivering of Health Services to the people of district Fatehgarh Sahib. The various aspects how Information Systems can improve the health services being provided to the population of FGS is mentioned.The paper is theoretical and is based on qualitative research and collected data from secondary sources of information.With the help of Information Systems quality and timely health services can be provided to treat the patients and decrease the mortality rate.</p> Dr. SAMEER NARANG Dr. Satinder Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-08-29 2022-08-29 11 2 186 191 सी.बी.एस.ई. बोर्ड के स्कूलों में खेलकूद शारीरिक शिक्षा क्रियाकलापों की अनिवार्यता <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="HI" style="font-size: 11.0pt; font-family: 'Nirmala UI','sans-serif'; color: black;">शारीरिक शिक्षा एवं स्वास्थ्य विषय का अध्ययन कोई भी काल रहा हो स्कूलों</span><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; font-family: 'Nirmala UI','sans-serif'; color: black;">, <span lang="HI">विद्यालयों</span>, <span lang="HI">कालेजों</span>, <span lang="HI">मदरसों मकतबों मे</span>&nbsp; <span lang="HI">होता चला आ रहा है क्योंकि विद्यार्थी ही किसी देश के भविष्य होते हैं और</span>&nbsp; <span lang="HI">आगे आने वाले समय में देश की सभी आर्थिक</span>, <span lang="HI">सामाजिक </span>,<span lang="HI">मनोवैज्ञानिक नीतियों का भार इन्हीं के कंधों पर पड़ने वाला होता है</span>|<span lang="HI">अगर</span>&nbsp; <span lang="HI">ये</span>&nbsp; <span lang="HI">शारीरिक </span>,<span lang="HI">मानसिक </span>,<span lang="HI">मनोवैज्ञानिक</span>, <span lang="HI">बौद्धिक दृष्टि से मजबूत ना हुए तो देश की अर्थव्यवस्था पर विपरीत प्रभाव पड़ता है</span>| <span lang="HI">राष्ट्र बीमारू राष्ट्र की श्रेणी में आ सकता है</span>| <span lang="HI">मेडिकल व्यवस्था पर अनायास ही खर्चा बढ़ जाता है</span>| <span lang="HI">भारतवर्ष के सभी राज्यों में इसी दृष्टिकोण को दृष्टिगत रखते हुए शारीरिक शिक्षा एवं स्वास्थ्य विषय को प्राइमरी से डिग्री स्तर तक अनिवार्य कर दिया गया है</span>| <span lang="HI">सी</span>&nbsp; <span lang="HI">बी एस ई बोर्ड ने तो</span>&nbsp; <span lang="HI">इस अनुशासित विषय को पहले से ही अनिवार्य कर रखा है और लगातार इस विषय को अनिवार्य होने के साथ-साथ शारीरिक</span>&nbsp;<span lang="HI">क्रियाकलापों एवं खेल</span>&nbsp; <span lang="HI">के माध्यम से स्वास्थ्य के मूल्यांकन करने पर भी जोर दे रहा है</span>, <span lang="HI">जिससे भारत के छात्र रुग्ण</span>&nbsp;<span lang="HI">अवस्था में ना रहे और मधुमेह</span>, <span lang="HI">मोटापा आज जो वैश्विक रूप से</span>&nbsp; <span lang="HI">पनप रहे हैं उससे अछूते रहे</span>|</span></p> सतीश चंद्र श्रीवास्तव Copyright (c) 2022 2022-09-03 2022-09-03 11 2 192 197 “Review of Three level Universal Electric Vehicle Charger Based on Voltage-Oriented Control” <p>Electric vehicles (EVs) is the solution of environmental pollution and also the depletion of non-renewable energy resources. EVs, that ar energized by A battery storage system, gives clea environment. Moreover, the price of EVs is changing into cheaper. Thus, EVs can become a significant load on utility distribution system in future. Electron volt chargers play a significant role within the growth of EVs. The input current in electron volt charger with a high total harmonic distortion (THD) and a high ripple distortion of the output voltage will impact battery life and battery charging time.. This work presents the planning method of a universal electron volt charger. voltage-oriented management (VOC) and pulse-width modulation (SPWM) technique is planned to confirm three battery charging. A simulation of the universal electron volt charger was conducted and assessed in MATLAB–Simulink. The findings shows that the planned charger is in a position to produce a manageable and constant charging voltage for a EV, with associate input current of low total harmonic distortion (THD).</p> Ms. R.V. Vader, Mrs. N.J. Kotmire, Mr. P.A. Prabhu, Mr. G.S. Patil Copyright (c) 2022 2022-09-05 2022-09-05 11 2 198 202 Effectiveness of Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana among Girl Students of Primary Schools of Modasa Taluka <p>In the present study the researcher has tried to explore the effectiveness of ‘Sukanya samriddhi Yojana’ in the girl<br>students of the primary schools of Modasa taluka. The Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Effectiveness Questionnaire<br>(SSYEQ) was developed keeping in mind the scheme of Government of Gujarat with the concept of changes in the<br>negative attitudes of family and community towards girl child, improving the girl child, improving the enrolment<br>and retention ratio of girl child in schools, increasing the age at marriage of girl and assisting girl to undertake<br>income generating activities. The reliability and validity of the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Effectiveness<br>Questionnaire (SSYEQ) by split half method was respectively 0.87 and0.39. There was a significant difference<br>between the mean score of the primary school girl students on SSYEQ with respect to their school area (rural and<br>urban), category (reserved and non-reserved, &amp; father’s occupation (job and business)</p> Dr. Sonalben Patel, Ms. Sushilaben A. Makavana Copyright (c) 2022 2022-09-07 2022-09-07 11 2 203 206 Delving into Cold War Politics through Gorbachev’s on My Country and the World <p>Between 1985 and 1991, as Soviet President, MikhailGorbachev endeavored to uphold democratic values in<br>Russia through his policies of glasnost and perestroika. He played a decisive role in originating the course<br>towards arms control, cessation of hostilities and denuclearization, leading to the termination of the Cold<br>War.As the leader of the USSR in the late 1980s, Gorbachev is known for improving relations with the Western<br>world and fostering a more liberal environment that contributed to the downfall of communist governments in<br>Eastern Europe. He set off a far-reaching deluge that traversed to the collapse of the Berlin Wall (1989).<br>Gorbachev was a persistent backer of peace and the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990. In On My<br>Country and the World, he elaborately discusses the foreign policy initiatives he took to end the cold war and<br>proposes the tenets to maintain world order and stability, seeking non-violent means for conflict resolution<br>globally. This paper commemorates Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (1931-2022) as a Great Russian Statesman<br>and Reformer. It examines his version of the truth to bring out his prominent role in changing the course of<br>world history by averting major confrontations of ideologies, military encounters and nuclear catastrophe.</p> N. R. Gopal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-09-12 2022-09-12 11 2 207 210 Educational Thoughts of J. Krishnamurthy <p>In present era, it will be useful to study the educational thoughts of the great thinkers so that We can cope up with<br>the problems of education. For that noble reason investigator has decidedfollowing titleforresearch : Educational<br>Thoughts of J.Krishnamurthy.The objectives of the research paper were:To study the ideas of Krishnamurthy’s on<br>education incontext with reference to the objective of education , curriculum and syllabus, teaching methods,<br>discipline and place of teacher in school. Three books of J. Krishnamurthy were selected purposively for the study.<br>The major findings of the study were as follows:According to J Krishnamurthy, no system in the world can save a<br>man from the hardships of earning a living unless one adopt a real approach to the whole of life from prajna and<br>stop taking a merely rational approach. Truth of life is not to be found from outside but from within. The<br>foundation of one's development depends on sound knowledge. According to Krishnamurthy, one of the functions of<br>education is to free everyone from fear. One should be independent thinking, independent living and acting<br>independently. Through which our difficulties can be understood and removed.Whenone is surrounded by<br>knowledge the search for wisdom cannot be attained but only when there is no knowledge it is found.Vocational<br>training should be given in every school so that the child can establish relevance to the existing life.</p> Dr. Bhavanaben A. Modi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 11 2 211 214 To Understanding the Welding tip that was used on the Welding Machine during Spot Welding: A Review <p>For securing body sheet parts, for many years, the automotive and aerospace industries have employed resistance spot welding extensively. Comparing resistance spot welding to other welding techniques like arc welding, it is rapid, easy to automate, and minimal maintenance. Accurate SRW electrode heat analysis could make it possible to pinpoint key design variables that prolong electrode life. Where connected, the process is challenging. Interactions occur between mechanical, thermal, and electrical processes. Interactions occur between mechanical, thermal, and electrical processes. The finite element approach, which is capable of complicated behavior’s&amp; intricate situations, gives the strong device for comprehending these exchanges &amp; has emerged as by far most significant technique for resistance spot welding investigation. A 2-D finite element model has been used in this work. used a method to anticipate transient thermal behaviors of electrodes for spot welding. ANSYS-FLUENT may be used to analyses the Transient Response of RSW. The example considered the relationship between temperature, phase changes during melting and solidification, applied voltage analysis, and material properties affected by heat exchange analysis. Models were developed for the connections at the electrode-work interface and the faying surface with temperature-dependent contact resistances.</p> Pankaj Gaur, Vineet Singla Copyright (c) 2022 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 11 2 215 219 Tube Fitting Quality Control Tools Analysis with Industrial Applications – A Review <p>The numerous circumstances that contributed to a certain occurrence or phenomenon can be represented<br>graphically using the fishbone diagram method, commonly referred to as an ishikawa diagram or a cause-and-effect<br>diagram. A thorough theoretical framework that can be utilised to represent and assess the issues facing industries<br>is the fishbone diagram. Here, a novel graphical tool called a fishbone diagram is employed to track down, look into,<br>and, whenever practical, analyse the potential root causes of this problem. An investigation and classification of the<br>various root causes of the problem can be done simply and clearly using a fishbone diagram, which appears to be a<br>suitable and universal technique of graphic depiction. To identify how the issue developed, who is responsible, and<br>what needs to be done, the next stage is to use the "why why" approach.</p> Ravinder, Dr. Prabhakar Kaushik, Ravinder Kundu Copyright (c) 2022 2022-09-16 2022-09-16 11 2 220 223 Effectiveness of Vidya Laxmi Yojana in Primary Schools of Bayad Taluka with Reference to Girl Students <p>In this study, Vidya Laxmi Yojana Effectiveness with reference to girl students of primary schools was administrated. For this research, Vidya Laxmi Yojana Effectiveness Questionnaire was constructed in Gujarati Language keeping in mind the concept and objectives of focusing on women empowerment and welfare, setting goals for women’s’ participation in education and focusing on increasing the literacy rate among women. Every statement of Vidya Laxmi Yojana Effectiveness Questionnaire had two point scale consisting answers in Yes &amp; No. The statements of the Vidya Laxmi Yojana Effectiveness Questionnaire were positive by nature. The ranking for the statements were 1 and 0 respectively. The statistical analysis was calculated. The reliability and validity of the Vidya Laxmi Yojana Effectiveness Questionnaire by Split Half method was respectively 0.94 and 0.37. There was a significant difference between the mean score of the girl students on Vidya Laxmi Yojana Effectiveness Questionnaire with respect to their residential area (urban and rural), category (reserved and non-reserved) and mothers occupation (job and housewife).</p> Dr. Sonalben Patel, Ms. Sushilaben A. Makavana Copyright (c) 2022 2022-10-08 2022-10-08 11 2 224 226 Harmonisation of Multimodal Carriage Contracts under Maritime Trade <p>As we look into the existing multimodal liability system, one sees that there is a lack of uniform and unvarying rule that could govern all the liabilities and accountabilities in any event of damage or total loss or loss in part which consignments are being transported via various multimodal transports. There is basically a mixture of multiple unimodal transport legs that combine to form a multimodal transport operation. These modes of transportation are separately governed by well-established international and national laws dealing specifically with each stage. The liability of each stages is established by separate unimodal convention as there is no existing international regime. Therefore, fixing off liabilities or responsibilities of the operator in the case of any unpleasant event like full damage, part damage or total loss or part loss will be assessed upon which stage, the event or incident occurred or took place.</p> Gabriel Copyright (c) 2022 2022-10-13 2022-10-13 11 2 227 233 „God, Man and Satan’: A study with reference to the Bible and John Milton’s Paradise Lost. <p>John Milton, in his famous epic poem The Paradise Lost has woven the fabric of social structure, reformative zeal of religiosity, some definitive suggestions to the Christian mode of thinking and the presentation of a grand and sublime style in the composition of this epic. As a poet of high repute in English literature he is regarded reverentially by all sections and by all academicians, no matter where they hail from. He has not left untouched any of the religious themes in his famous epic. Some of the prominent concepts that found expression in his renowned epic are God, Man and Satan, which have a direct bearing on the Holy Bible</p> Mini C. P Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-01 2022-11-01 11 2 234 238 Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria in Rhizomicrobial Environments <p>Microbes are associated with every plant tissue and in combination with the plant form the halobiont. Plants<br>regulate the composition and activity of their associated bacterial community carefully. These microbes provide<br>a wide range of services and benefits to the plant in return the plant provides the microbial community with<br>reduced carbon and other metabolites. Soils are generally a moist environment rich in reduced carbon which<br>supports extensive soil microbial communities. The rhizomicrobiome is of great importance to agriculture<br>growing to the rich diversity of root exudates and plant cell debris that attract diverse and unique patterns of<br>microbial colonization. Microbes play key roles in nutrient acquisition and assimilation improved soil texture<br>secreting and modulating extracellular molecules such as hormones secondary metabolites antibiotics and<br>various signal compounds leading to enhancement of plant growth. The microbes and compounds they secrete<br>constitute valuable bio stimulants and play vital roles in modulating plant stress responses. The research has<br>demonstrated that inoculating plants with plant-growth promoting rhizobacteria that can be an effective<br>strategy to stimulate crop growth. These strategies can improve crop tolerance for the abiotic stresses such as<br>drought heat and salinity likely to become more frequent as climate change conditions continue to develop. This<br>discovery has resulted in multifunctional PGPB based formulations for commercial agriculture to minimize the<br>use of synthetic fertilizers and agrochemicals. This review introduces the concept and role of the<br>phytomicrobiome and the agricultural context underlying food security and mechanisms of plant growth<br>promotion by PGPB including signal exchange between plant roots.</p> Dr. Ashok Kr. Singh Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-01 2022-11-01 11 2 239 243 Construction and Effectiveness of Program for Developing National Values Awareness <p>In present era, it is the demand of time to study Structure of the program for inculcating consciousness of<br>national values and its effectiveness. For that noble reason investigator has decided following title for research:<br>Structure of the program for inculcating consciousness of national values and its effectiveness.. The objectives of<br>the research paper were 1. structuring National Values Awareness Development Programme. 2. Constructing a<br>measure of consciousness of national values. 3. To examine the effect of National Values Consciousness<br>Development Program on National Values Consciousness of Class IX Boys and girls. The Hypotheses of the<br>research were: 1. There was no significant difference between the mean scores obtained on the Consciousness of<br>National Values measure by boys in the experimental group and the control group. 2. There was no significant<br>difference between the mean scores obtained on the measure of consciousness of national values of the girls of<br>the experimental group and the control group. In the present research the researcher has used two tools. 1.<br>National Values Consciousness Scale 2. National Values Awareness Development Programme. The major<br>findings of the study were as follows: 1. Implementation of National Value Consciousness Development Program<br>among Boys increase the National Value Consciousness of Boys. 2. Implementation of National Value<br>Consciousness Development Program among girls increas the national value consciousness of girls.</p> Dr. Bhavanaben A. Modi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-01 2022-11-01 11 2 244 248 Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Still Photography Vs. Videography Friendliness of Stakeholders about Antenatal Care Related Education Provision at OBG OPD, PGIMER, Chandigarh <p>The scenario of medical education, both under- and post-graduate, has drastically changed in modern era. In general, teaching has also been vastly transformed by the rapid advent of information technology (IT). Computer applications, internet, power-points and mobile phones have changed the ways and means of teaching. Over last 20-30 years, syllabi and course curriculum have also changed in medical colleges as per the advice of Medical Council of India (MCI).</p> Abhijeet Singh Amarjeet Singh, Seema Chopra, Sukhpal Kaur, Kirthana Nair Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-01 2022-11-01 11 2 249 253